Bibliography and Abbreviations


Nabokov’s own copy of Ada 1969, marked up to identify potential translation problems.

Ada 1968 Typescript of Ada or Ardor: A Family Chronicle, Beinecke Library, Yale University.
Ada 1969 Vladimir Nabokov, Ada or Ardor: A Family Chronicle. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1969. 589pp.
Ada 1990

Vladimir Nabokov, Ada or Ardor: A Family Chronicle. New York: Vintage, 1990. 589 pp. The text used for ADAonline.


Ada ou l’ardeur, trans. Gilles Chahine and Jean-Bernard Blandenier with VN. Paris: Fayard, 1975.


Ada oder das Verlangen, trans. Uwe Friesel and Marianne Therstappen. Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt, 1974.

Appel, Ada

Alfred Appel, Jr, “Ada Described,” in Alfred Appel and Charles Newman, eds., Nabokov: Criticism, Reminiscences, Translations and Tributes. Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press, 1970:  160-86.

Ashenden, 2000 Liana Ashenden, “Mimicry, Mimesis and Desire in Nabokov’s Ada,” unpub. MA thesis, University of Auckland, 2000.
Boyd 1979 Brian Boyd, “Nabokov and Ada.” Unpub. Ph.D. diss., Toronto, 1979.
Boyd 1990 Brian Boyd, Vladimir Nabokov: The Russian Years. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1990.
Boyd 1991 Brian Boyd, Vladimir Nabokov: The American Years. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1991.
Boyd 1985/2001 Brian Boyd, Nabokov’s ADA: The Place of Consciousness. Ardis: Ann Arbor, 1985, 245 pp.; 2nd edition, Brentwood, CA: Cybereditions, 2001, 353 pp. Citations are to second edition.Boyd 1979.
Boyd 2004 Brian Boyd, “Ada, The Bog and the Garden.” Nabokov Studies 8 (2004).
Boyd 2011 Brian Boyd, Stalking Nabokov: Selected Essays, New York: Columbia, 2011.

Vladimir Nabokov, Bend Sinister. 1947; New York: Vintage, 1990.


Francis Bulhof, “Dutch Footnotes to Nabokov’s Ada,” in Carl Proffer, ed., Nabokov: A Book of Things about Vladimir Nabokov. Ardis: Ann Arbor, 1974, 291.


Brewer’s Dictionary of Phrase and Fable [1870], Rev. Adrian Room. London: Cassell, 1999.


Annapaola Cancogni. The Mirage in the Mirror: Nabokov’s ADA and its French Pre-Texts. New York: Garland, 1985.

CE Vladimir Nabokov, Conclusive Evidence. New York: Harper, 1951.

Vladimir Nabokov, “Notes to Ada by Vivian Darkbloom.” Ada or Ardor: A Family Chronicle (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1970), 463-77; rpt. in Rivers and Nicol 242-59, and in Ada (New York: Vintage, 1990).

DB Vladimir Nabokov, Drugie berega. New York: Chekhov Publishing House, 1954.

Dear, Bunny, Dear Volodya: The Nabokov-Wilson Letters, 1940-1971. 1979; rev. ed. Ed. Simon Karlinsky. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001.

Defense Vladimir Nabokov, The Defense (Russ. Zashchita Luzhina, 1930), trans. Michael Scammell with VN, 1964. New York: Vintage, 1990.

Vladimir Nabokov, Despair (Russ. Otchayanie, 1936), trans. VN, 1966. New York: Vintage, 1989.

DN Dmitri Nabokov
Edelnant Edelnant, Jay Alan. “Nabokov’s Black Rainbow: An Analysis of the Rhetorical Function of the Color Imagery in Ada or Ardor: A Family Chronicle. Unpub. Ph.D. diss., Northwestern, 1978.
EO Alexander Pushkin, Eugene Onegin, trans. and with commentary by VN. New York: Bollingen, 1964; rev. ed., Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1975.
Eye Vladimir Nabokov, The Eye (Russ. Soglyadatay, 1930), trans. DN with VN, 1965. New York: Vintage, 1990.
Gift Vladimir Nabokov, The Gift (Russ. Dar, 1937-38, 1952), trans. Michael Scammell and DN with VN, 1963. New York: Vintage, 1991.
Glory Vladimir Nabokov, Glory (Russ. Podvig, 1932), trans. DN with VN. New York: Vintage, 1991.
HT Mikhail Lermontov. A Hero of Our Time, trans. Vladimir Nabokov with Dmitri Nabokov. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1958.

IB Vladimir Nabokov, Invitation to a Beheading (Russ. Priglashenie na kazn’, 1938), trans. DN with VN, 1959. New York: Vintage, 1989.

Johnson 1985

D. Barton Johnson, Worlds in Regression: Some Novels of Vladimir Nabokov. Ann Arbor: Ardis, 1985.

Johnson 1999

D. Barton Johnson, “Ada’s ‘Malbrough s’en va-t-en guerre,” in Lisa Zunshine, ed., Nabokov at the Limits: Redrawing Critical Boundaries (New York: Garland, 1999), 3-20.


Johnson 2000

Johnson 2006

D. Barton Johnson, "Nabokov's Aviary in Ada." In John Dingley and Leon Ferder, eds., In the Realm of Slavic Philology: To Honor the Teaching and Scholarship of Dean S. Worth From his UCLA Students. Bloomington, In: Slavica, 2000, 163-80.

D. Barton Johnson, “A Shimmer of Exact Details: Ada’s Art Gallery.” In Gerard de Vries and D. Barton Johnson, Nabokov and the Art of Painting. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2006, 98-144. 


Vladimir Nabokov, King, Queen, Knave (Russ. Korol’, dama, valet, 1928), trans. DN with VN, 1968. New York: Vintage, 1989.


KRC Kyoto Reading Circle (Shun’ichiro Akikusa, Akitoshi Fukazawa, Mihoko Fukutani, Atsushi Goto, Tomoko Hashimoto, Chizuko Inoue, Gen’ichiro Itakura, Satoko Ito, Yoko Kaede, Izumi Matoba, Maya Minao Medlock, Makiko Mieuli, Shoko Miura, Shin'ichiro Mori, Yuriko Morita, Akiko Nakata, Keiko Nishiyama, Sumi Ota, Richard Smith, Mitsunori Sagae, Hiroko Sugimura, Tadashi Wakashima, Joshua Wittig, Motoko Yoshikawa et al.), “Annotations to Ada,” 2000-, http://vnjapan.org/main/ada/index.html or http://vnjapan.org/main/ada/andmore.html.
Kurganov 2001

Efim Kurganov, Lolita i Ada. St. Petersburg: Zvezda, 2001.

LATH Vladimir Nabokov, Look at the Harlequins!, 1974; New York: Vintage, 1990.
Levinton 1997 Georgiy A. Levinton, “The Importance of Being Russian, ili Les allusions perdues.” In Boris Averin, Maria Malikova and Alexander Dolinin, eds., V.V. Nabokov: Pro et Contra. St. Petersburg: Russkiy Khristianskiy Gumanitarniy Institut, 1997, 308-39.
LL Vladimir Nabokov, Lectures on Literature, ed. Fredson Bowers. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich/Bruccoli Clark, 1980.
LRL Vladimir Nabokov, Lectures on Russian Literature, ed. Fredson Bowers. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich/ Bruccoli Clark, 1981.

Vladimir Nabokov, Letters to Véra, ed. and trans. Olga Voronina and Brian Boyd, 2014; New York: Vintage, 2017


Vladimir Nabokov, Lolita.1955; New York: Vintage, 1989.


Vladimir Nabokov, Mary (Russ. Mashen’ka.1926). Trans. Michael Glenny with VN, 1970. New York: Vintage, 1989.

Mason Bobbie Ann Mason. Nabokov’s Garden: A Guide to ADA. Ann Arbor: Ardis, 1974.
MUSSR Vladimir Nabokov, The Man from the USSR and Other Plays. Trans. DN. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1984.
NG Vladimir Nabokov, Nikolai Gogol. Norfolk, Conn.: New Directions, 1944.

Vladimir Nabokov, Pale Fire. 1962; New York: Vintage, 1989.


Eric Partridge, A Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English [1937], 8th. ed, ed. Paul Beale, London: Routledge, 1984


Vladimir Nabokov, Pnin.1957; New York: Vintage, 1989.


Pléiade 2020.


Vladimir Nabokov, Poems and Problems. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1971.

Proffer Carl Proffer. “Ada as Wonderland: A Glossary of Allusions to Russian Literature.” In Proffer, ed., A Book of Things, 249-279.
Rivers & Nicol

J. E. Rivers and Charles Nicol, eds. Nabokov's Fifth Arc: Nabokov' and Others on His Life's Work. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982.

Rivers & Walker

“Notes to Vivian Darkbloom’s Notes to Ada.” In Rivers and Nicol, 260-95.


Vladimir Nabokov, The Real Life of Sebastian Knight, 1941. New York: Vintage, 1992.

Rowhoht GW

Ada oder Das Verlangen, trans. and rev. Uwe Friesel and Dieter E. Zimmer, Gesammelte Werke, vol. 11, Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt 2010.

Siccama & Weide Wilma Siccama and Jack van der Weide, “Een sleutel in Meppel: Neederlandse aantekeningen bij Vladimir Nabokovs Ada.” Maatstaaf, 1995:6, 17-27



Vladimir Nabokov, trans. and ed. The Song of Igor’s Campaign. New York: Vintage, 1960.


Vladimir Nabokov, Speak, Memory: An Autobiography Revisited. 1966; New York: Vintage, 1989.

SO wVladimir Nabokov, Strong Opinions. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1973.

Vladimir Nabokov, Stikhi.Ann Arbor: Ardis, 1979.


The Stories of Vladimir Nabokov. New York: Knopf, 1995.


Vladimir Nabokov, Think, Write, Speak: Uncollected Essays, Reviews, Interviews, and Letters to the Editor, ed. Brian Boyd and Anastasia Tolstoy. New York: Knopf, and London: Penguin, 2019.w


Vladimir Nabokov, Transparent Things. 1972; New York: Vintage, 1989.

VN Vladimir Nabokov
VNAY Brian Boyd, Vladimir Nabokov: The American Years. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1991.

Brian Boyd, Vladimir Nabokov: The Russian Years. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1990.

W2 Webster’s New International Dictionary, Second Edition. Springfield, Mass.: Merriam, 1958.
W3 Webster’s Third New International Dictionary. 1961; Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1981.
Zimmer 2001 Dieter E. Zimmer, A Guide to Nabokov’s Butterflies and Moths 2001(Hamburg: privately printed, 2001).
Zimmer 2010

“Anmerkungen,” in Dieter E. Zimmer, ed., Vladimir Nabokov, Ada oder Das Verlangen (Gesammelte Werke, 11), Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt, 2010.